Lilly also plans to submit an sBLA to the FDA for Emgality for the preventive treatment of episodic cluster headache in adults by the end of the year. The FDA has granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation to Emgality for episodic cluster headache. Breakthrough Therapy Designation is a process that is intended to expedite the development and review of drugs that treat serious or life-threatening diseases and, based on preliminary clinical evidence, may demonstrate substantial improvement over available therapies. Currently, there are no approved preventive treatments for episodic cluster headache in the U.S.
"Headache disorders like migraine and cluster headache affect each person differently, and many patients spend years cycling through different medications to effectively diagnose and treat their symptoms," said Gudarz Davar, M.D., vice president, Neurology Development, Lilly Bio-Medicines. "Lilly has spent the last 25 years researching innovative therapies to treat headache disorders, and we are thrilled to be one step closer to potentially providing new and different options with lasmiditan for the acute treatment of migraine and Emgality for the preventive treatment of episodic cluster headache."
The NDA for lasmiditan includes data from two Phase 3 single-attack studies (SAMURAI and SPARTAN), which evaluated the safety and efficacy of lasmiditan for the acute treatment of migraine. In both studies, at two hours following the first dose of lasmiditan, the percentage of patients who were migraine pain-free was significantly greater compared to placebo. These results were significant across all studied doses. Lasmiditan also met the key secondary endpoint, with a significantly greater percentage of patients free of their most bothersome symptom (MBS) compared with placebo at two hours following the first dose. In these studies, patients chose their MBS from sensitivity to light, sensitivity to sound or nausea. The most commonly reported adverse events after lasmiditan dosing were dizziness, paresthesia, somnolence, fatigue, nausea, muscle weakness and numbness. Data from these studies were presented at the American Headache Society (AHS) annual meeting and the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) annual meeting.
"As a caregiver for someone living with chronic migraine, I know firsthand how disabling headache diseases can be," said Kevin Lenaburg, executive director of the Coalition For Headache And Migraine Patients (CHAMP). "We're excited about the new innovations in the acute treatment of migraine and the preventive treatment of migraine and episodic cluster headache, and we're thankful for Lilly's commitment to continue to investigate and hopefully bring these important new therapeutic options to market."
Lasmiditan and Emgality represent two of three treatments in Lilly's pain portfolio. Emgality was approved by the FDA in September 2018 for the preventive treatment of migraine in adults. The portfolio also includes tanezumab, developed in partnership with Pfizer, which is currently being investigated for the treatment of osteoarthritis pain, chronic low back pain and cancer pain.
Please see Full Prescribing Information, including Patient Information, for Emgality. See Instructions for Use included with the pen and prefilled syringe.
About MigraineMigraine is a disabling, neurologic disease characterized by recurrent episodes of severe headache accompanied by other symptoms including nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, and changes in vision.(1,2) More than 30 million American adults have migraine, with three times more women affected by migraine compared to men.(3,4,5,6) According to the Medical Expenditures Panel Survey, the total unadjusted cost associated with migraine in the U.S. is estimated to be as high as $56 billion annually, yet migraine remains under-recognized and under-treated.(3,7,8)
About Cluster HeadacheCluster headache is a disabling primary headache disorder composed of recurrent "attacks" of intense headaches on one side of the head, frequently associated with pain behind or around one eye, restlessness and agitation.(9,10) Cluster headache attacks typically last between 15 to 180 minutes, occurring near daily to multiple times daily during a cluster period.(9) It is estimated that 85 to 90 percent of cluster headache cases are classified as "episodic," while the remaining 10 to 15 percent are classified as "chronic." Diagnostically, episodic cluster headache and chronic cluster headache are differentiated based on the duration of remission periods.(9)
About LasmiditanLasmiditan is an investigational, first-in-class molecule under evaluation for the acute treatment of migraine. Lasmiditan uses a novel mechanism of action which selectively targets 5-HT1F receptors, including those expressed in the trigeminal pathway, and has been designed for the acute treatment of migraine without the vasoconstrictor activity associated with some migraine therapies. Data from two Phase 3 single-attack studies (SAMURAI and SPARTAN) have been presented at the American Headache Society (AHS) annual meeting and the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) annual meeting. In March 2017, Lilly completed the acquisition of CoLucid Pharmaceuticals, including lasmiditan, which was originally discovered at Lilly.
About EmgalityEmgality is a humanized monoclonal antibody that binds to calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and blocks its binding to the receptor. Emgality offers a once-monthly, self-administered, subcutaneous injection.
About Lilly's Commitment to Headache DisordersFor over 25 years, Lilly has been committed to helping people suffering from headache disorders, investigating more than a dozen different compounds for the treatment of migraine, cluster headache and other disabling headache disorders. These research programs have accelerated the understanding of these diseases and furthered the advancement of Lilly's comprehensive late-stage development programs studying galcanezumab-gnlm for prevention of migraine and cluster headache, and lasmiditan for the acute treatment of migraine. Our goal is to make life better for people with headache disorders by offering comprehensive solutions to prevent or stop these disabling diseases. The combined clinical, academic and professional experience of our experts helps us to build our research portfolio, identify challenges for healthcare providers and pinpoint the needs of patients living with migraine and cluster headache.
About Eli Lilly and CompanyLilly is a global healthcare leader that unites caring with discovery to make life better for people around the world. We were founded more than a century ago by a man committed to creating high-quality medicines that meet real needs, and today we remain true to that mission in all our work. Across the globe, Lilly employees work to discover and bring life-changing medicines to those who need them, improve the understanding and management of disease, and give back to communities through philanthropy and volunteerism.
1. Katsarava Z, Buse D, Manack A, et al. Defining the differences between episodic migraine and chronic migraine. Current Pain Headache Reports. 2012;16:86.
2. Blumenfeld AM, Varon SF, Wilcox TK, et al. Disability, HRQOL, and resource use amongst chronic and episodic migraineurs. Results from the International Burden of Migraine Study (IBMS). Cephalalgia. 2011;31:301.
3. Lipton RB, Bigal ME, Diamond M, et al. Migraine prevalence, disease burden, and the need for preventive therapy. Neurology. 2007;68:343-349.
4. Data on File. Lilly USA, LLC. DOF-GZ-US-0028.
5. US Census Bureau. Quick Facts. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/US/PST045217 . Updated September 23, 2018. Last accessed November 1, 2018.
6. Migraine: Symptoms and causes. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseasesconditions/migraine-headache/symptoms-causes/syc-20360201. Updated May 31, 2018. Last accessed November 1, 2018.
7. Raval AD, Shah A. National trends in direct health care expenditures among US adults with migraine: 2004 to 2013. Journal of Pain. 2017;18:96-107.
8. Diamond, S, Bigal ME, Silberstein S. Patterns of diagnosis and acute and preventive treatment for migraine in the United States: results from the American Migraine Prevalence and Prevention Study. Headache. 2007;47:355-363.
9. Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society (IHS). The international classification of headache disorders, 3rd edition. Cephalalgia. 2018;38(1):1-211.
10. Matharu M, Goadsby P. Trigeminal autonomic cephalgias. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry. 2002;72(Suppl II):ii19-ii26.