"Managing cholesterol encompasses many factors, not just lowering LDL. There is a clear need for medicines that both raise good and comprehensively lower the bad components of cholesterol," said Christie Ballantyne, M.D., the Methodist DeBakey Heart and Vascular Center, Houston, and lead SIMCOR investigator. "SIMCOR represents an important new option to help patients reach healthy lipid levels."
An estimated 80 million Americans have high levels of the bad LDL cholesterol, and more than 44 million have low levels of the good HDL cholesterol, which the body uses to remove bad cholesterol from the bloodstream. Studies have shown that along with diet, SIMCOR can help patients with lipid disorders reach their treatment goals by addressing more than just bad cholesterol, targeting multiple lipids with one pill.
The FDA's approval was based on SIMCOR safety and efficacy trial data from more than 640 patients with mixed dyslipidemia and type II hyperlipidemia. In the SEACOAST clinical trial, patients receiving SIMCOR 1000/20mg achieved significant cholesterol improvements over and above what simvastatin 20mg alone provided. Patients treated with SIMCOR 1000/20mg had additional lipid improvements beyond simvastatin 20-mg treated baseline, with additional LDL reductions of 12 percent and an additional 21 percent HDL increase compared to a 7 percent decrease in LDL and an 8 percent increase in HDL with simvastatin 20mg alone. Furthermore, SIMCOR reduced triglycerides by an additional 27 percent compared to 15 percent with simvastatin 20mg alone.
SIMCOR was generally well tolerated by patients in clinical studies. Six percent of patients discontinued therapy due to flushing, the most commonly reported side effect of SIMCOR and niacin-based therapies. Flushing can be minimized by taking aspirin or an NSAID 30 minutes prior to taking the medication at bedtime. Flushing may subside over several weeks of consistent SIMCOR use. "With SIMCOR, doctors now have a new option for helping patients reach their LDL and HDL cholesterol treatment goals with a combination of two proven therapies," said Eugene Sun, M.D., vice president of Global Clinical Development for Abbott. "Abbott is committed to bringing forward new cholesterol therapies, and SIMCOR represents a new treatment option for patients in Abbott's rapidly expanding portfolio of cholesterol treatments for lipid disorders."
The American Heart Association, National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) and American College of Cardiology recommend more aggressive treatment of HDL to reduce cardiovascular risk. Cholesterol and other lipids can build up in the bloodstream forming plaque and restricting blood flow, which can lead to heart disease. According to NCEP guidelines, a reduction in LDL of 1 percent is associated with a 1 percent reduction in heart disease risk. Additionally, raising HDL by 1 point is associated with a 2 percent heart disease risk reduction.
Abbott is committed to the continued research of its products and has sponsored the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute's AIM-HIGH outcomes study. The study is designed to evaluate the effects of niacin extended- release and simvastatin in reducing cardiovascular events in patients with existing heart disease. AIM-HIGH began enrolling patients in 2005 with final results expected to be reported in 2011.
SIMCOR is the combination of two cholesterol-lowering medications: niacin extended-release (Niaspan(R)) and simvastatin. SIMCOR is used along with diet to lower levels of total cholesterol, LDL "bad" cholesterol and triglycerides, and to increase HDL "good" cholesterol. SIMCOR is used when treatment with simvastatin monotherapy or niacin extended-release monotherapy is considered inadequate, and when diet and other non-drug measures alone have not been successful. Patients should stay on a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol while taking this medicine. No additional benefit of SIMCOR on heart disease over and above that shown for niacin alone and simvastatin alone has been demonstrated.
Available since 1997, Niaspan is the only FDA-approved, once-daily extended-release prescription formulation of niacin for treating abnormal cholesterol levels.
Niaspan is indicated as an adjunct to diet when the response to a diet restricted in saturated fat and cholesterol and other nonpharmacologic measures alone has been inadequate, to reduce elevated total cholesterol, LDL- C, Apo B, and triglyceride levels, and to increase HDL-C in patients with primary hypercholesterolemia and mixed dyslipidemia. In patients with a history of myocardial infarction and hypercholesterolemia, niacin is indicated to reduce the risk of recurrent non-fatal myocardial infarction. In patients with coronary artery disease and hypercholesterolemia, niacin, in combination with a bile acid binding resin, is indicated to slow progression or promote regression of atherosclerotic disease.
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