Novartis 5-year data in psoriatic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis reinforces Cosentyx® leadership in spondyloarthritis

NovartisNovartis, a leader in immuno-dermatology and rheumatology, announced today it will be presenting five-year data from the ongoing extensions of the phase III FUTURE 1 and MEASURE 1 studies for Cosentyx® (secukinumab) in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA)[1] and ankylosing spondylitis (AS)[2] respectively. These new data will be presented at the 2018 American College of Rheumatology/Association of Rheumatology Health Professionals (ACR/ARHP) Annual Meeting in Chicago, United States.

"AS and PsA have a significant impact on the quality of patients' lives, and they require a comprehensive treatment which targets all of the manifestations of their disease," said Professor Georg A. Schett, Professor and Chair, Department of Medicine, Rheumatology and Immunology at University of Erlangen-Nuremberg. "The presentation of long-term data in PsA and AS supports the central role of Cosentyx in the long-term sustained management of these complex and multi-faceted conditions."

New long-term data from FUTURE 1 and MEASURE 1 confirm that Cosentyx provides sustained improvements in the signs and symptoms of PsA and AS out to five years[1],[2]. In FUTURE 1, 83% and 94% of PsA patients achieved total resolution of enthesitis and dactylitis, respectively[1]. Over 80% of patients who entered the extension phases of both studies completed five years[1],[2], with a safety profile consistent with previous reports[4]-[6]. These data add to findings from the SCULPTURE study, in which two thirds of patients on Cosentyx reported no impact of skin disease on their quality of life over five years[4].

PsA and AS are both debilitating, chronic and progressive conditions, which can significantly impact mobility and consequently patients' quality of life[7]-[9]. As a result, patients and physicians are increasingly looking for treatments that show long-lasting efficacy with a favorable safety profile[2],[4],[10]. Cosentyx delivers long-lasting, comprehensive treatment through targeted inhibition of IL-17A, a cornerstone cytokine involved in the development of spondyloarthritis and psoriatic diseases[11]-[14].

"Five-year data is often seen as a benchmark for proving long-term efficacy and safety," said Eric Hughes, Global Development Unit Head, Immunology, Hepatology and Dermatology. "By adding five-year data in PsA and AS to the already reported five-year data in psoriasis, we are reinforcing the robust profile of Cosentyx and reimagining the standard of care for patients who search for a complete treatment for spondyloarthritis and psoriatic disease."

About FUTURE 1

FUTURE 1 is a two-year, multi-center, randomized, placebo-controlled Phase III pivotal study to evaluate the efficacy of Cosentyx in patients with active PsA[10]. FUTURE 1 enrolled 606 patients with active PsA and assessed Cosentyx with intravenous loading (10 mg/kg) and subcutaneous (75 mg and 150 mg) maintenance dosing[10]. The primary endpoint assessed superiority of Cosentyx against placebo in the proportion of patients achieving the ACR 20 response at Week 24[10]. From Week 16, patients in the placebo arm of the study were re-randomized to receive Cosentyx 75 mg or 150 mg at either Week 16 or Week 24, based on clinical response[10].

A total of 460 patients entered a three-year extension period following the initial two-year study[1]. Over 80% of patients who took part completed five years of Cosentyx treatment[1]. Cosentyx provided sustained improvements in the signs and symptoms of PsA out to five years, including total resolution of enthesitis and dactylitis in 83% and 94% of patients respectively[1]. Efficacy improved proportionately with dose escalation of Cosentyx to 150mg or 300mg during the study[1]. The safety profile of Cosentyx was shown to be consistent with that previously seen in clinical trials across multiple indications[4]-[6].

About MEASURE 1

MEASURE 1 is a two-year, multi-center, randomized, placebo-controlled Phase III study assessing the efficacy and safety of Cosentyx in patients with active AS[15]. Primary endpoints assessed superiority of Cosentyx against placebo at Week 16 in patients who achieved at least a 20% improvement in the ASAS 20 response (Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society response criteria)[16]. From Week 16, patients in the placebo arm of the study were re-randomized to Cosentyx 75 mg or 150 mg based on ASAS 20 response, with non-responders switched at Week 16, and responders at Week 24[6],[15].

A total of 290 of 371 patients completed the trial, after which 274 patients entered a three-year extension period[2],[6],[15]. Over 80% of patients who participated in the extension phase of the study completed five years of Cosentyx treatment[2]. 56% of patients on Cosentyx 75mg were escalated to Cosentyx 150 mg after Week 168[2]. Improvements in ASAS 20 and ASAS 40 responses were sustained out to five years in all dosage cohorts[2]. In the dose escalation cohort, ASAS 20 responses improved from 74% for Cosentyx 75mg to 82% for Cosentyx 150 mg after 72 weeks[2]. The safety profile of Cosentyx was shown to be consistent with that previously seen in clinical trials across multiple indications[4]-[6].

About Cosentyx (secukinumab)

Cosentyx is the first and only fully-human treatment that specifically inhibits IL-17A, a cornerstone cytokine involved in the inflammation and development of AS, PsA and psoriasis[10]-[13]. IL-17A is produced by various cells from both the innate immune system (which can be triggered by mechanical stress) and the adaptive immune system[17]. To date, Cosentyx has been prescribed to more than 160,000 patients worldwide[18] and is being evaluated in 100 studies, including a comprehensive head-to-head clinical trial program[19]-[25].

About Novartis

Novartis is reimagining medicine to improve and extend people's lives. As a leading global medicines company, we use innovative science and digital technologies to create transformative treatments in areas of great medical need. In our quest to find new medicines, we consistently rank among the world's top companies investing in research and development. Novartis products reach nearly 1 billion people globally and we are finding innovative ways to expand access to our latest treatments. About 125,000 people of more than 140 nationalities work at Novartis around the world.

1. Mease PJ et al. Secukinumab Provides Sustained Improvements in the Signs and Symptoms in Psoriatic Arthritis: Final 5 Year Efficacy and Safety Results from a Phase 3 Trial. Abstract presented at the American College of Rheumatology Annual Meeting, 2018.
2. Baraliakos X et al. Long-term Evaluation of Secukinumab in Ankylosing Spondylitis: 5 Year Efficacy and Safety Results from a Phase 3 Trial. Presented as a late-breaking abstract at the American College of Rheumatology Annual Meeting, 2018.
3. Novartis, data on file. IQVIA NBRx Data August 2018 and SHS PTD (Patient Transactional data) from August 2018. August 2018.
4. Bissonnette R. et al. Secukinumab Demonstrates High Sustained Efficacy and a Favorable Safety Profile in Patients with Moderate to Severe Psoriasis through 5 Years of Treatment (SCULPTURE Extension Study). J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2018; 32(9):1507-1514.
5. Mease PJ et al. Secukinumab Provides Sustained Improvements in the Signs and Symptoms of Active Psoriatic Arthritis through 3 Years: Efficacy and Safety Results from a Phase 3 Trial. Presented at the American College of Rheumatology 2016. Presentation number 961.
6. Braun J et al. Secukinumab demonstrates low radiographic progression and sustained efficacy through 4 years in patients with active ankylosing spondylitis. Late breaking abstract presented at the 2017 ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting, San Diego, USA. 7th November 2017.
7. Mease PJ et al. Managing patients with psoriatic disease: the diagnosis and pharmacologic treatment of psoriatic arthritis in patients with psoriasis. Drugs 2014;74:423-41.
8. Reveille JD. American College of Rheumatology. Spondyloarthritis. Available at: https://www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Diseases-Conditions/Spondyloarthritis. Accessed October 2018.
9. Sieper J et al. Ankylosing spondylitis: an overview. Ann Rheum Dis 2002; 61 (Suppl III):iii8-iii18.
10. Mease PJ et al. Secukinumab inhibition of interleukin-17A in patients with psoriatic arthritis. N Engl J Med. 2015; 373(14):1329-39.
11. EU Cosentyx Summary of Product Characteristics. Novartis Europharm Limited. Available at: http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/index.jsp?curl=pages/medicines/human/medicines/003729/human_med_001832.jsp&mid=WC0b01ac058001d124. Last accessed September 2018.
12. Smith JA et al. Review: The Interleukin 23/Interleukin 17 Axis in Spondyloarthritis Pathogenesis: Th17 and Beyond. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2014;66:231-41.
13. Nestle FO et al. Mechanisms of disease psoriasis. N Eng J Med. 2009;361:496-509.
14. Girolomoni G et al. Psoriasis: rationale for targeting interleukin-17. Br J Dermatol. 2012;167:717-24.
15. Braun J et al. Effect of secukinumab on clinical and radiographic outcomes in ankylosing spondylitis: 2-year results from the randomised phase III MEASURE 1 study. Ann Rheum Dis. 2016;doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2016-209730.
16. Baeten D et al. Secukinumab, interleukin-17A inhibition in ankylosing spondylitis. N Engl J Med. 2015; 373:2534-48.
17. Schett G et al. Enthesitis: from pathophysiology to treatment. Nat Rev Rheumatol. 2017: 21;3(12):731-741.
18 Novartis, data on file.
19. Clinicaltrials.gov. (2018). Search of: secukinumab | Recruiting, Not yet recruiting, Active, not recruiting, Completed, Enrolling by invitation Studies - List Results - ClinicalTrials.gov. [online] Available at: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?term=secukinumab&Search=Apply&recrs=b&recrs=a&recrs=f&recrs=d&recrs=e&age_v=&gndr=&type=&rslt= [Accessed 09 Oct. 2018].
20. Comparison of Secukinumab Versus Guselkumab in Clearing Psoriatic Plaques Refractory to Ustekinumab (ARROW). Available at https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03553823. Last accessed October 2018.
21. Langley RG et al. Secukinumab in Plaque Psoriasis - Results of Two Phase 3 Trials. N Engl J Med 2014;371:32w6-38.
22. Blauvelt A et al. Secukinumab is superior to ustekinumab in clearing skin of subjects with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis up to 1 year: Results from the CLEAR study. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2017 Jan;76(1):60-69.
23. Bagel J et al. Secukinumab is Superior to Ustekinumab in Clearing Skin of Patients with Moderate to Severe Plaque Psoriasis: CLARITY, a Randomized, Controlled, Phase 3b Trial. Presented as poster 98 at The Winter Clinical Dermatology Conference - Hawaii. January 13, 2018.
24. Effect of Secukinumab on Radiographic Progression in Ankylosing Spondylitis as compared to GP2017 (Adalimumab Biosimilar) (SURPASS). Available at: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03259074. Last accessed October 2018.
25. Efficacy of Secukinumab Compared to Adalimumab in Patients With Psoriatic Arthritis (EXCEED 1). Available at: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02745080. Last accessed October 2018.

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