Development

Stop spoon dosing

You grab for the cough syrup for some relief from that nasty lingering cold, what do you measure the dose with? Many of us use teaspoons or table spoons to measure out doses for ourselves and our children but this results in dosage errors. This new study finds that errors in estimating doses can be mitigated by changing the serving measurements on the dosage facts panel from teaspoons to milliliters.

A previous study by authors Koert van Ittersum, PhD at the University of Groningen (The Netherlands) and Brian Wansink, PhD of Cornell University found that when individuals use teaspoons to measure medicine they tend to under-serve by 8.4% and when using table spoons they over-serve by 11.6%.

For this study, Van Ittersum and Wansink proposed that by writing the Drug Facts and dosage information in milliliters, which are more difficult to estimate visually, people would choose more accurate measuring devices to measure out doses and would be less likely to make dosage errors. Of the 177 young adults that participated in this study, 34.5% reported using kitchen spoons most frequently to measure medicine. The researchers found that when these study participants were given dosage information in teaspoons 60.9% chose a teaspoon to measure with while none of them chose the milliliter measuring cup. However, when the dosage recommendation was given in milliliters the teaspoon and the measuring cup were equally popular among this group. These results indicate that the risk of dosage error decreases by around 50% by simply changing the recommended units of measurement from tea spoons to milliliters.

"When measuring medicine for ourselves or our children, we often use regular kitchen spoons but they are not accurate measuring instruments," explains lead author Koert van Ittersum, "While we feel that we can estimate teaspoon doses, milliliters are much harder to estimate visually, therefore people are more likely to use accurate measuring spoons or cups when given dosage information in milliliters."

In conclusion, the authors recommend that the US Food and Drug Administration mandates that the pharmaceutical industry not use teaspoons on Drug Facts and dosing information. They also emphasize the importance of not spoon-dosing at home, instead using the measuring cups that typically come with liquid medicine.

Most Popular Now

AstraZeneca licenses Zurampic to Gr…

AstraZeneca today announced that it has entered into a licensing agreement with Grünenthal GmbH for the exclusive rights to Zurampic (lesinurad) in Europe and Latin Ameri...

Read more

Pfizer presents promising data from…

Pfizer Inc. (NYSE:PFE) today announced encouraging new data from a Phase 1/2 study of lorlatinib, the proposed generic name for PF-06463922, Pfizer's investigational, nex...

Read more

Bayer Science & Education Found…

Applications for the Bayer Science & Education Foundation's international scholarship programs are now being accepted for this year's round. In the academic sector, ambit...

Read more

Merck Accelerator expands its reach…

Merck, a leading science and technology company, has started this week the application period for the next round of its Accelerator programs in Darmstadt, Germany, and Na...

Read more

Call for Abstracts: DIA EuroMeeting…

29 - 31 March 2017, Glasgow, UK. The DIA EuroMeeting 2017 provides a platform for experts from all relevant disciplines within the entire healthcare development and acce...

Read more

AstraZeneca enters commercialisatio…

AstraZeneca today announced it has entered into a commercialisation agreement with Aspen Global Incorporated (AGI), part of the Aspen Group, for rights to its global anae...

Read more

Merck announces survey results expl…

Merck, a leading science and technology company, today announced survey results of 250 global biopharmaceutical executives on how their companies will manage new risks as...

Read more

FDA targets unlawful internet sales…

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration, in partnership with international regulatory and law enforcement agencies, announced that it took action this week against 4,402 we...

Read more

Boehringer Ingelheim and Harvard sc…

Boehringer Ingelheim today announced it has established a research collaboration with the Harvard Stem Cell Institute's - Harvard Fibrosis Network to discover new ways of...

Read more

Promising treatment prospects for i…

In Switzerland alone, more than 5,700 women are diagnosed with breast cancer each year, and almost 1,400 of those affected die of the disease. In many very invasive forms...

Read more

New class of protein could treat ca…

A protein designed by researchers at Georgia State University can effectively target a cell surface receptor linked to a number of diseases, showing potential as a therap...

Read more

Digital health: A way for pharma co…

Pharmaceutical companies have an opportunity to use their expertise to play a greater role in healthcare reform, while also revamping their business model. We believe t...

Read more

Digest World Pharma Newsletter

Subscribe to our weekly Digest World Pharma Newsletter and stay updated on the latest World Pharma News. Subscribe now, it's free!

Pharmaceutical Companies

[ A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Z ]